11 possible causes of chronic fatigue
Chronic fatigue is a feeling of tiredness that lasts for a long time and cannot be driven away by sleep and rest. The reasons for fatigue can be many. We bring you the 10 most common health conditions that can cause fatigue.
But first, if you are often tired, first think about whether you have any conditions for quality sleep that will renew your energy. If your night’s rest is disturbed, for example, by your partner’s snoring, pets, light, noise, a bad mattress, etc., the quality of sleep is poor, and as such it cannot provide you with enough energy during the day. Therefore, try to ensure the conditions for quality sleep, which is extremely important.
Iron deficiency, or anemia, is one of the most common medical causes of chronic fatigue. For example, anemia can occur in women as a result of heavy periods. In addition to fatigue, anemia is characterized by lethargy, a feeling of heaviness in the muscles and rapid fatigue.
- Sleep apnea
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which the level of oxygen in the blood drops and the person wakes up briefly and so many times during the night, thus the quality of sleep is quite impaired because it is difficult to achieve a level of deep sleep. In the morning, that person wakes up exhausted and tired, not really realizing what was happening to her at night. Apnea is often characterized by loud snoring, although snoring may not be present, and not everyone who snores has apnea at the same time.
- Slowed thyroid function
Slowed thyroid function causes too little thyroid hormone in the body, or hypothyroidism. It most often occurs due to chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland, an autoimmune disease that manifests itself in a number of symptoms, one of which is chronic fatigue. Symptoms include lethargy, weight gain, dry skin, feeling cold, etc.
To find out if your thyroid is working properly, visit a doctor who will examine you and possibly refer you for tests.
- Celiac disease
Celiac disease is a lifelong disorder caused by the immune system’s reaction to gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, barley and rye. The typical form of the disease occurs in babies older than 6 months and young children, but there is also an atypical form, as well as a silent form of celiac disease, which is difficult to recognize. In addition to fatigue, symptoms of celiac disease may include diarrhea, bloating, anemia, and weight loss.
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome or myalgic encephalomyelitis is defined as prolonged, severe fatigue without muscle weakness. It is characterized primarily by fatigue – general mental and physical exhaustion – lasting at least 4 months, and may include muscle and joint pain, decreased concentration or memory, frequent headaches and sore throats, and anxiety. It is still not known how to treat chronic fatigue syndrome.
One of the main symptoms of diabetes, both type 1 and type 2, is a feeling of tiredness. Other symptoms include malaise, increased thirst and fluid intake, frequent urination, weight loss, slow wound healing… While type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, type 2 diabetes is a danger lurking most often in obese people.
- Infectious mononucleosis
Infectious mononucleosis, the so-called kiss disease, the disease is caused by Epstein-Barr virus. The main symptoms are fatigue, fever, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, enlarged liver and spleen, with the possibility of a rash. The disease is most common among teenagers and adolescents. Symptoms usually last within 4 to 6 weeks, but fatigue can persist for months.
The disease can be most reliably detected by a serological test for Epstein-Barr virus.
- Restless legs syndrome
Restless legs syndrome, as the word itself says, refers to a neurological disorder in which a person feels an unbearable need to move their legs, even though it can affect both the arms and even the torso. This disorder can keep you awake or disturb your sleep all night. Why? You feel something happening in / on your feet, such as crawling, stinging, twitching, or a feeling of pain, which causes you to move. The syndrome usually occurs or worsens in the evening and – in sleep. It impairs the quality of sleep and makes a person tired during the day. It most often appears in middle age, but it does not bypass children and young people either. Confirmation of this syndrome is given by a neurologist.
Occasional feelings of anxiety are an integral part of life. But some people have constant, more pronounced feelings of anxiety that they can’t control and that pretty much affect their daily lives. Doctors call it generalized anxiety disorder, and it includes an unexplained feeling of fear, anxiety, threat, decreased concentration, and frequent fatigue! Physical symptoms are nervousness in the stomach or chest tightness, headache, shortness of breath, increased sweating, etc. If in doubt, see a doctor.
Depression is a disease of the central nervous system. It is caused by changes in nerve cells and chemical processes in the brain. It is estimated that between 100,000 and 200,000 people in Croatia suffer from a depressive disorder.
In addition to causing fatigue, depression can make it difficult for you to fall asleep in the evening, only to wake up early in the morning with the inability to fall asleep again, making you even more tired during the day. Symptoms of depression are a feeling of lethargy, hopelessness, loss of interest in things that used to make you happy, etc. Regardless of age, depression is always important to recognize and treat, and the most important thing is not to isolate yourself but to be surrounded by family members. and friends.
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- Too much exercising
If you workout every day, you don’t give your body enough time to rest, especially if you do something like long distance running which empties your energy resources. Therefore, if this happens, you should know how to overcome running fatigue.