Hair loss: normal or pathological?
To begin with, it is worth saying that all people fall out of hair. And do not worry about this because the loss of 100 hairs per day is an absolute norm. The fact is that each hair has a specific life cycle, and when “his” time comes, it separates from the hair follicle and falls out – absolutely painless and often invisible.
And after a while, a new hair begins to grow in its place. And so, it is constantly. If the body is healthy and the hair follicles receive enough nutrients for healthy hair growth, then those around them do not even know about the occurrence of this process. So, if you are thinking is balding normal? then the answer is no.
It is quite another matter if hair loss becomes apparent and the hair thins noticeably. If more than 150 hairs are lost from the scalp per day, we are already talking about baldness.
Causes of baldness in women
Many factors affect hair loss. Among them are internal and external.
External causes of hair loss in women include:
Poor environmental situation;
Improper nutrition. For healthy hair growth, the body must receive a large number of nutrients. Lack of vitamins caused by strict diets or fasting negatively affects the growth and appearance of hair and is also one of the leading causes of hair loss in women;
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Unstable psychological environment. Frequent stress, depression, fatigue, lack of proper sleep and rest regimen cause irreparable damage to our body, including hair;
Alcohol abuse and smoking are not only harmful to the liver and lungs. Bad habits contribute to a substantial decrease in the body’s resistance to harmful external factors, which entails irreversible consequences, including baldness.
The causes of hair loss in women caused by internal factors:
Hormonal disruptions. As a rule, baldness against the background of hormonal disorders is observed in women during pregnancy and lactation. Most often, a year after giving birth, the hair, subject to proper care, returns to its normal state. However, hormones can cause hair loss in women of all ages: young girls during puberty and mature women during menopause. It is worth saying that hormonal disruptions are one of the most common causes of hair loss in women;
Heredity. Genetic predisposition to severe hair loss, transmitted through the female line, is also one of the causes of hair loss in women;
An increase in male hormones in the female body invariably leads to alopecia (baldness).
With correct and timely identification of the cause of hair loss in women, measures can be taken to restore hair health. Treatment of alopecia is a long process.
With hormonal or hereditary baldness, doctors’ resort to mesotherapy, plasma-lifting, ozone therapy. As for temporary baldness in women caused by external factors, it is easy to defeat it by following the daily regimen, eating right and avoiding unnecessary stress. And good hair and scalp care will make the treatment process even more effective.
Hair loss treatment in men
After the specialist has established the presence of alopecia, the patient is prescribed a course of therapy. Let’s know how to fix balding. Hair loss treatment is aimed at normalizing the functioning of hair follicles and strengthening them.
Medical treatment usually includes several types of drugs:
Minoxidil. This drug is used for age-related baldness and hormonal imbalance. Minoxidil helps to increase the duration of the hair growth phase and stimulates dormant hair follicles.
Finasteride. It is an expensive drug for internal use and can only be dispensed with a doctor’s prescription. It is used for hair loss caused by hormonal imbalance. Finasteride reduces the rate at which testosterone is converted to dihydrotestosterone, which causes loss. The list of side effects includes a decrease in sexual function and sex drive.
Corticosteroids. This group of drugs is used to treat alopecia areata. They are used to control autoimmune diseases. For effectiveness, drugs in this group are recommended to be combined with other types of therapy.
Mesotherapy involves injecting drugs into the scalp and saturates the hair follicles with essential enzymes, vitamins and microelements.